Eranos model is a concept to lead a professional conference without a leader.
Eranos is a Greek ward for a meeting without a host which each guest bring his own contribution to the meeting. It is equality meetings because all participates are at the same status. In an Eranos meeting the food is a spiritual food and it is served in equality setting: all participates are in a middle position.
The PIR model was developed by Nir Golan, Educational and Leadership expert, as a result of years of experience in training managers and leaders. The purpose of this model is to improve communication and personal relationships by preventing arguments.
The model has few principles:
• Every interaction between two persons is called an "Action": one person is 'Initiator' and the other is 'Response'.
• Each action has a purpose or a need which should be gained or fulfilled due to the action.
• A successful action is when the targets are achieved while using less energy.
• A 'Position' is the relative "communicational location" of a person in an action. In every interaction between two persons or more, each one places him/herself in relation to the other.
There are four optional types of positions:
Superior position: above the other person in order to "control" the other; the person "below" him/her.
Middle position: equal to the other in order to facilitate a successful action.
Inferior position: below the other person in order to fulfill the needs of him/herself using the person "above" them.
Self position: taking care only of him/herself and his/her needs regardless of the position of the other person.
The type of position can be identified according to the content, the non-verbal language and the intonation used: the way the message is conveyed.
There are four sub position types:
Critical superior: always criticizes the other side and tells him/her what is needed to be improved.
Supporter superior: always supports the other side and protects him/her.
Obedient inferior: always obeys the other side and avoids conflicts.
Rebellious inferior: always contradicts and doesn't obey the other side in order to rebel against him/her.
The name is derived from the Ancient Greek word ἔρανος, "a banquet to which the guests bring contributions of food, a no-host dinner." The group was founded by Olga Froebeb-Kapteyn in 1933, and these conferences have been held annually on the grounds of her estate (on the shores of Largo Maggiore near Ascona in Switzerland ever since. For over seventy years this event has served as a point of contact for thinkers from disparate fields of knowledge ranging from depth psychology and comparative religion to history, literary criticism and folklore, and provides a setting and a congenial group within which to discuss all things spiritual.
Each conference takes place over eight days, during which time all participants eat, sleep and live together, thereby promoting a camaraderie which fosters an atmosphere of free and open discussion. Each year a new theme is addressed, and each participant scholar delivers a two hour lecture on a topic of his choice relating to the theme — his/her contribution to the ‘banquet’ of ideas — thereby attempting to draw these multifarious thinkers into productive intellectual discourse.
There are three types of relationships:
Balanced relationship: the type of position that responded to you is the same one that you referred to.
Unbalanced relationship: the type of position that responded to you is different from the one you referred to.
Double-meaning relationship: there is no correlation between the type of position from the verbal, non-verbal and intonation aspect; (for instance, the content can be in Middle position, but the non-verbal message (body language and intonation) is in Superior position. This Double-meaning relationship confused the other side because he/she doesn't know to which type of position he/she should reply.
Each conference takes place when all participants must be in Middle position: equal to the other in order to facilitate a successful conference. The balanced relationship promotes a camaraderie which fosters an atmosphere of free and open discussion.