Anthropic Leadership: The leadership of human being
(Greek) – Anthrop (ἄνθρωπος) means human
Nir Golan, an educational and leadership expert, suggests a new term, Anthropic Leadership: to mean human leadership. Leadership should be carried out alongside the comprehensive development of the human being regardless of his/her biological age. This new term is based on Anthropogogy.
Felix Adam first defined the term Anthropogogy in 1977 as: "The science and the art of permanently teaching and educating a person throughout any period of his/her psycho-biological development and in the functioning of his/her natural, ergo logical and social life."
In 1981, K.D Benne described the term as: "The guideline of learning and education of people of all ages, as the basis for human survival, highlighting the importance of controlling the processes of critical thinking and innovation, ability to listen and communicate with others whose views are contradictory. Provide the ability to learn how to learn again."
Nir Golan offers a new definition of Anthropogogy as: "Leadership a person (regardless of age) throughout significant learning towards behavioral change that can be implemented immediately." (Golan, 2014)
In today's reality, culture is changing rapidly, so leadership has to be a lifelong process: where the leader helps the person discover the unknown without repeating information about the known.
According to Golan, Anthropic Leadership has four basic principles:
1. The independent person: the perception of oneself as an independent entity. A person sees him/herself as someone who is self-directed; choosing what to be led to, how much and how to be led. The role of the leader is not to give ready answers to predetermined questions, but to help the person find out for him/herself what the important questions are and how to answer them. Through these questions, the dependence – independence conflict will decrease and there will be fewer objections to leadership.
2. Adapting leadership to that person's needs: the person is ready to be led when he/she needs that specific leadership process, and it is incorporated into daily tasks and social functioning. He/she sees that the leadership process serves his/her personal development.
Since every person has their own characteristics and needs, therefore, the most effective way of leadership is to adapt leadership to the needs and characteristics of that individual person with reference to their emotional and mental components, and not only to cognitive and behavioral aspects.
3. Renovating leadership: In the digital age where there is widespread availability of network information, leadership should give news and added value to the person.
People approach leadership in possession of their life experiences. For leadership to be more significant, the person needs to connect the current leadership knowledge with his/her prior knowledge. As such, leaders have to find out the prior knowledge of the person and his/her previous experiences in order to connect it to the leadership experience and not lead him/her things they already know. Thus the leader who leads should renovate leadership.
4. Immediate and practical leadership: The main motive for human leadership is for problem solving. The person has a need for the immediate application of the results of the leadership process, so leadership has to be more focused in giving solutions to the particular problem. Leadership which cannot be implemented immediately is perceived as a waste of time.